Projects
665 Projects

Media are grouped by projects created by users. Projects tend to contain media tied together by a theme. A project might represent the dataset for a single peer-reviewed paper, the results of a collections digitization project, or data for a digital lesson plan.

Projects can be used to share media ownership and access between project members, and projects can also be used to publish assortments of media and specimens for access and discovery by the public. If you want to share media ownership and access with multiple users across multiple projects, consider creating a user team. Projects can be managed by teams, and users with access to that team also gain access to any projects managed by that team.

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Listing of items you have deposited in MorphoSource
Title Description Team Creator Media Objects
Display all details of Almécija et al – Primate Phenotypes 5935 345
Display all details of Hyperodapedon sanjuanensis - skull of holotype 3D models and CT-scan data of the skull of the holotype of the South American rhynchosaur Hyperodapedon sanjuanensis (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Colección Paleovertebrados, 18185). 5 5
Display all details of Normal and pathological covariation in the masticatory apparatus of anthropoid primates This research examines how the anatomical components of the masticatory system (teeth, jaws, and related joints) work together and how these components are affected by aging and pathological changes. Specifically, we examine how the different anatomical components are correlated with each other across the entire masticatory system, in the context of changes that may occur during the lifetime of an individual, such as normal and pathological dental wear, and normal and abnormal (e.g., arthritis) changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) shape. We employ 3D models coupled with pathological data for a wide cross-section of 19 anthropoid primates, including humans. Though samples vary depending on specimen condition, ideally this dataset includes a 3D model of the cranium, mandible, and the teeth for each specimen (n>1000 individuals). Scan data provided are cleaned models (processed following standard protocols in Geomagic Studio); raw data (i.e., uncleaned original scans) will be provided upon request to Claire Terhune or Siobhan Cooke. Please be aware that some regions of the cranium (i.e., orbits, zygomatic arches, pterygoid fossa) may be more heavily reconstructed than others because of anatomical challenges related to scanning these areas. Data from this project have been employed in the following publications: Mitchell, D.R., Kirchhoff, C.A., Cooke, S.B., Terhune, C.E. 2021. Bolstering geometric morphometrics sample sizes with damages and pathologic specimens: Is near enough good enough? Journal of Anatomy 238(6), 1444-1455. https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.13390 Please check back for updates on publications and additional specimen data as they are added. Kirchhoff, Claire 1349 700
Display all details of Intraspecific Variation in Microsyops latidens Selig et al. JVP 101 40
Display all details of NMNH (Smithsonian) Euarchonta specimens This project represents a growing archive of Euarchonta specimens from the Smithsonian Mammalogy collection. For the most part scans were made using microCT at Duke's Shared Materials Instrumentation Facility. Major grant support comes from NSF BCS 1552848. 8506 291
Display all details of MCZ - oVert 609 533
Display all details of Gravibone: Functional morphology of talus and calcaneus in Perissodactyla This project regroups the 3D scans of the talus and calcaneus of various extant and fossil Perissdoactyla that were used in the scientific paper cited below. It was funded by the ERC grant Gravibone carried by A. Houssaye (UMR 7179 MECADEV - CNRS / MNHN, France). Etienne, C., Mallet, C., Cornette, R. and Houssaye, A., 2020. Influence of mass on tarsus shape variation: a morphometrical investigation among Rhinocerotidae (Mammalia: Perissodactyla). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 129(4), pp.950-974. 14 6
Display all details of New Fossils, Systematics, and Biogeography of the Oldest Known Crown Primate <i>Teilhardina</i> from the Earliest Eocene of Asia, Europe, and North America Omomyiform primates are the most basal fossil haplorhines, with the oldest classified in the genus <i>Teilhardina</i> and known contemporaneously from Asia, Europe, and North America during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) ~56 mya. Characterization of morphology in this genus has been limited by small sample sizes and fragmentary fossils. A new dental sample (N=163) of the North American species <i>Teilhardina brandti</i> from PETM strata of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, documents previously unknown morphology and variation, prompting the need for a systematic revision of the genus. The P<sub>4</sub> of <i>T. brandti</i> expresses a range of variation that encompasses that of the recently named, slightly younger North American species ‘<i>Teilhardina gingerichi</i>,’ which is here synonymized with <i>T. brandti</i>. A new partial dentary preserving the alveoli for P<sub>1-2</sub> demonstrates that <i>T. brandti</i> variably expresses an unreduced, centrally-located P<sub>1</sub>, and in this regard is similar to that of <i>T. asiatica</i> from China. This observation, coupled with further documentation of variability in P<sub>1</sub> alveolar size, position, and presence in the European type species <i>T. belgica</i>, indicates that the original diagnosis of <i>T. asiatica</i> is insufficient at distinguishing this species from either <i>T. belgica</i> or <i>T. brandti</i>. Likewise, the basal omomyiform ‘<i>Archicebus achilles</i>’ requires revision to be distinguished from <i>Teilhardina</i>. Results from a phylogenetic analysis of 1,890 characters scored for omomyiforms, adapiforms, and other euarchontan mammals produces a novel clade including <i>T. magnoliana</i>, <i>T. brandti</i>, <i>T. asiatica</i>, and <i>T. belgica</i> to the exclusion of two species previously referred to <i>Teilhardina</i>, which are here classified in a new genus (<i>Bownomomys americanus</i> and <i>Bownomomys crassidens</i>). While hypotheses of relationships and inferred biogeographic patterns among species of <i>Teilhardina</i> could change with the discovery of more complete fossils, the results of these analyses indicate a similar probability that the genus originated in either Asia or North America. 76 38
Display all details of NMHM Paleopathology Digital repository of paleopathological specimens from the National Museum of Health and Medicine National Museum of Health and Medicine 51 33
Display all details of The oVert Thematic Collections Network The oVert (openVertebrate) Thematic Collection Network (TCN) will generate and serve high-resolution digital three-dimensional data for internal anatomy across vertebrate diversity. At a network of digitization centers across the US, we will CT-scan >20,000 fluid-preserved specimens representing >80% of the living genera of vertebrates. This will provide broad coverage for exploration and research on all major groups of vertebrates. We will also generate contrast-enhanced scans to reveal soft tissues and organs for a majority of the living vertebrate families. This collection of digital imagery and three-dimensional volumes will be open for exploration, download, and use to address questions related to the discovery of new species, documenting patterns of anatomical diversity and growth, and testing hypotheses of function and evolution. These new media will provide unprecedented global access to valuable specimens in US museum collections. Our network of leading US vertebrate collections will develop best practices and guidelines for high-throughput CT-scanning, including efficient workflows, preferred resolutions, and archival formats that optimize the variety of downstream applications. We will train museum specialists on the generation, curation, and distribution of 3D data, researchers in using 3D anatomical data, and high school and undergraduate students in the tools for creating 3D anatomical models. To drive the use of these digital specimens by K12 STEM educators, we will conduct teacher-driven workshops that generate freely available lesson plans focused on specific science standards that are based on digital and printed 3D models of specimens in US museum collections. Data generated by oVert will serve as a catalyst for diverse research projects focused on understanding the vertebrate morphological diversity and dramatically increase the accessibility of specimens housed in US scientific collections. These anatomical phenotypes represent a common currency that facilitates integration across the fields of taxonomy, evolution, developmental biology, comparative physiology, functional anatomy, paleontology, and ecology. We will use x-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning to generate high-resolution digital anatomical data, represented as both 2D image stacks and 3D volumes and surfaces, which can be distributed globally through the on-line data portal MorphoSource. With these 3D digital specimens, US and international research communities will be able to (1) diagnose, describe, and infer patterns of relationships among both living and extinct vertebrates, (2) test hypotheses of morphological evolution such as patterns of disparity, modularity, and phenotype-environment correlations, (3) develop structure-function models for testing hypotheses about morphological adaptations related to, e.g., feeding and locomotion, and (4) explore relationships between brain and nervous system anatomy and both sensory and musculoskeletal function. We will upgrade the interface and functionality of MorphoSource, an on-line data depository for 3D data of biological specimens, improving its capacity to explore media, capture standardized metadata, ingest legacy data from previous and existing projects, supply media information to data aggregators including iDigBio, and engage educators and students. We will support training workshops both on-site at participating institutions and national society meetings of scientists and educators. Blackburn, David 15322 9963
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